How to germinate gaharu seeds

For those who are interested to germinate gaharu seeds, following guidance may be helpful …

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General points ..

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Naturally .. fruit splits

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Fresh seed collected …

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Seeds collection …

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Germinate the seed with sharp tail pointing upwards .. Use peatmoss as germination medium is the best

Day 9th ….. Seed start to crack …taproot start to emerge..

Day 9th ….. Seed start to crack …taproot start to emerge..

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Day 9th .. Some grow faster .. Taproot emerges downwards 2.5cm ..

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Day 12~18th .. Start to sprout above growing medium..

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Day 12~19th .. Start to sprout above growing medium..

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Day 12~19th .. Start to sprout above growing medium..

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Day 20~26th .. Seedlings growing..

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Day 20~26th .. Larger germination pot is suggested, the taproot is finding its way out of the confined pot, which is about 35cc in volume..

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Day 20~26th .. Use of non-woven nursery bag instead of germination tray is recommended..

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Plant growth regulators and simulatants

Welcome to the revolution!

All plants regulate their growth, development, and behavior by Plant Growth Regulator (PGR) Hormones, which in most cases move through the plant from one part to another. Fertilizer provides fuel for plants to grow, but doesn’t force them to do so. Hormonal signaling dictates the the plant to do so, and the fertilizer is like the ‘gasoline’ fuel (energy) to carry out such signaling.Think of it as fertilizer is the fuel, where hormones are the gas pedal (or brake pedal) of various plant growth characteristics.

Plant hormones

Appropriate usage of PGR accelerates the plant growth

By treating plants with PGR’s you can not only alter the ways they grow, you can boost their growth at the same time. The reason is because it requires plant energy to synthesize these signaling phytohormone chemicals. This requires energies that during treatment spares the plants from needing to ‘waste’, meaning more of the energies the plants have access to are spent on the actual growth that the PGR’s are signalling the plants to do.

There are many kinds of plant growth regulators and simulators in the market, below-listed items are only a small portion of them to share. It’s the hydro-store, and the nutrient companies, job to hype their products and stick pretty pictures on their bottles, so you are willing to spend the premium dollars on their products.

… do not ask me about the formula and dosage to blend your formula.. i will not be responsible for any consequence caused. As a thumb of rule, always start at lower dosage to your plant prior to mass application.

Plant hormones

Gibberellic acid … GA3

Salicylic acid

Indole Butyric Acid … IBA

Naphthyl acetic acid … NAA

6-Benzylaminopurine … 6BA

Jasmonic acid

Brassinolide

Sodium nitrophenolate ( Atonik )

Chitosan

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Asia Plantation Capital Opens South East Asia’s Largest Agarwood Processing Factory in Malaysia

Asia Plantation Capital’s new Agarwood (Gaharu) factory and Research Centre (Asia Plantation Capital)

SINGAPORE, March 9, 2015 /PRNewswire/ — Asia Plantation Capital announces the opening of its new, purpose-built Agarwood (gaharu) factory and research centre, located in Johor, Malaysia.

A mere 20 minutes drive from the Causeway link to Singapore, the town of Seri Alam is now host to the state of the art facility that incorporates an Oud oil distillery, a wood chip processing centre, and a fragrance stick factory. Also situated within the complex is a visitor centre, along with a wholesale factory shop stocked with the ever-growing range of Agarwood products produced by Asia Plantation Capital (APC).

Occupying a brand new 44,000 ft2 unit in the Masai Industrial Park, the multi-million US dollar investment is integral to the company’s strategic expansion of its Malaysian plantations and production capacity. The location — close to a railway hub and deep sea port facilities — was carefully and painstakingly selected, with logistics very much at the forefront of the decision making process. Access to the company’s plantations in Thailand, India and Myanmar were key factors, as well as the company’s ongoing factory expansion in Shenzhen, China. Also planned Oud factories opening in the Middle East located in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates and Jeddah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are being developed by the company over the next 18 months.

The facility is also strategically and conveniently located in close proximity to Singapore — a country currently ranked as one of Asia’s biggest Agarwood import and export centres — with more than US$1.2 billion in estimated trade per annum (according to official reports). This presents APC with a leading competitive edge in terms of its access to a significant market on its very ‘doorstep.’ This is a further key aspect of the planning and location of all the groups factories with China, Northern Asia and the Middle East between them accounting for a substantial bulk of current world trade in Agarwood products.

The factory has been equipped with the latest heat exchange steam distillation units using purified water, and a clean energy solar power system is being installed to ensure maximum economic efficiency. Sustainable, environmentally friendly energy systems are utilised throughout.

As part of a forward supply agreement with China’s largest retailer of fragrance sticks, a 300 tonne per annum production line is also being installed, and this will expand in due course to 600 tonnes per annum, to incorporate the company’s other locations. The facility also houses a laboratory for perfumes and essential oils, APC inoculation systems production, and MSDS analysis systems.

“We are very excited to finally be able to take the wraps off our state of the art Agarwood factory,” said Steve Watts, CEO of Asia Plantation Capital Berhad, in Kuala Lumpur. “We have spent several years reviewing the best all round strategic location, and are pleased to announce this expansion in Malaysia. It’s a result of the country’s stable business environment and forward thinking forestry and plantation departments at governmental level, that have led us to select Malaysia and Johor for this strategic factory expansion.”

He continued, “We fully expect over the coming years for Asia Plantation Capital to become a major exporter and employer in Malaysia as part of this programme. This is part of an Asia-wide strategic factory and production expansion, with a distillation factory joint venture in China with Hua Lin Group — China’s largest manufacturer of Agarwood products – as well as strategic expansion in Thailand into wood chip production and incense manufacturing and planned factories in the Middle East. Over the last six years we have constantly been researching and improving our systems, and have now identified and perfected a proprietary ‘soil to oil’ production process which is now the subject of 22 separate intellectual property patent applications. These systems are not only being utilised by the group to widen our market share, but is also being offered to smaller growers and farmers across Asia, to assist them in the cultivation and end processing of Agarwood into a valuable income. This will, in turn, help boost rural economies and also underpin the group’s future supply requirements. As well as supplying systems and knowledge, we are offering fixed ‘buy backs’ on products made exclusively from our systems. This process is already underway in India, Thailand and Malaysia.”

Watts went on to say, “The Agarwood plantation industry, as we know, is huge and is continuing to grow rapidly. Currently however, in many cases, the standards of production are not up to scratch, and the systems being used are performing poorly. Substandard products are the result, and a significant proportion of these still emanate from illegal sources. The consumer market is evolving and growing at a rapid rate, and consumers are looking for products of consistently high quality with all the relevant seals of authenticity, purity and sustainability. We have found that by having our own distribution companies in the Middle East, China and Europe, and being face to face with our clients on a daily basis, we can achieve all of this, and more.”

Watts concluded, “Our products now come exclusively with their own individual certifications — including those from CITES — along with EU Product Approvals, Product Safety Data Sheets, IFRA, Certificate of Origin, FDA approval, MSDS analyses, and Shariah Compliant status. Our products, in particular our oils and wood chips, are also independently graded by experts in the field at Thailand’s Prince of Songkla University. By strategically owning and operating state of the art, environmentally friendly mega factories, fuelled by our own plantations and other smaller growers, we are now able to deliver the end products that the market actually demands, in terms of quality, consistency and price.”

The factory is operational and open for business, with new production lines being commissioned in the coming months. The visitor centre will be opening in April 2015, along with a wholesale factory shop and Agarwood product display library.

Source: Asia Plantation Capital

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投資沉香木只需招會員 老鼠會啃千萬

(八打靈再也2日訊)到柬埔寨投資沉香木發達夢碎,逾千名投資者血本無歸,損失總額高達1500萬令吉!

據了解,此計劃雖說是投資沉香木園林,但基本上投資者的“回酬”都是來自介紹會員入會,並從新會員的投資金中抽佣。投資形式和最近出現爭議的“老鼠會”投資手法相近。

在這項計劃下,要成為代理員,首先需繳付100美元(約343令吉)入會費,然后開始招募工作,每招募一名代理員,即可獲一次20美元(約68令吉)的佣金;每找到一名投資者,則依照代理員的等級,在投資者所投資的數額中抽取佣金。

只要找到新會員投資,代理即可獲高達12%的紅利;每年的投資回酬也被指可達30%,令許多人為之瘋狂。此這計劃已活躍至少5年,相信投資者過千,投資金額保守估計高達1500萬令吉。

今年6月,一些投資者在合約屆滿后,不但拿不回成本,也拿不到回酬,甚至代理也拿不到佣金;到了8月,負責人關閉了投資網站,此投資泡狀正式宣告破碎,千人血本無歸。

逾10名投資者今日通過人民公正黨靈南區國會議員許來賢揭發此事,警惕大眾提防這個國際投資陷阱。

投資者及代理員,也向有關投資計劃的負責人提出4項訴求,包括要他現身並為此投資計劃負上全責。

這項名為“柬埔寨沉香木”的投資計劃(Uni-Agrow Series 0809),是一個“代理式”投資(Agency Plan),由代理員從事招募投資者在柬埔寨投資一個沉香木園林;投資人的資本據說獲園林和國際保本機構拉丁美洲私人基金會(LAPIF)作為抵押擔保, 合約為期3年。

柬上議員王室是合夥人

陳定添說,投資者對該計劃有信心,除了因為葉姓負責人的知名度,也因為該計劃有一名柬埔寨上議員和王室為合夥人。

他說,除了沉香木投資,有關負責人還在很多領域有投資,包括香港電影業、印度博彩業和中國屋業等,還接受過很多雜誌採訪。

“還有一名柬埔寨上議員和王室為合夥人,令我們更加有信心。”

陳定添指出,投資者曾應約到柬埔寨考察園林,也獲得該名上議員和王室招待。

“負責人在開齋節后就聯絡不上,我們要他出來交代清楚,如何處理投資款額?因為這些投資款額都用園地做擔保,投資者又是園地擁有者,理應有權利取回我們的資本。”

陳定添說,保守估計,個人最高損失的款額,約20萬美金,交易都以美金進行。

《中國報》聯絡葉姓負責人,卻聯絡不上,無法取得回應。

代理員分4等級

代理員分4個等級,等級最低為投資顧問,可抽取6%的投資佣金,升級到高級投資顧問可抽8%、投資經理10%,到最高的高級投資經理12%。

計劃最吸引人投資的是提供投資者每年30%回酬,平均每月2.5%,且在合約屆滿后,可以取回投資成本,最低的投資數額為購買一個單位,價格1000美元(約3430令吉)。

適逢今年6月,很多合約屆滿后,投資者都拿不回成本,也拿不到回酬,而負責招募業務的代理也拿不到佣金;到了8月,負責人還關閉了投資網站涉及1500萬令吉的交易。

每月至少獲1000回酬

投資者每月至少可以獲得1000令吉至2000令吉的回酬,最多甚至達數千元美金。

投資者發言人陳定添(56歲,商人)說,該計劃于2009年推出,他購買了10個單位,即1萬美元(約3萬4300令吉),2012年和2013時反應不錯。

“起初每月有1000令吉至2000令吉的回酬,慢慢越做越大,每月有數千元美金。”

他說,6月出現問題后,投資者設法與葉姓計劃負責人交涉但不果,更關閉投資者的戶頭,甚至關閉投資網站,躲起來不肯會見投資者,信息也不回。

“我們通過許來賢要求負責人在10月31日見面,對方沒有出現,還報警說不認識我們,沒有拿過我們的錢,也和計劃沒有關係。”

投資網站關閉資金變“零”

基于投資者是通過網站交易,包括記錄投資數額和紅利、佣金、投資者資料以及合約,代理資料也是通過網站將利益轉賬至銀行戶頭,關閉網站等同投資者所有資金都變成“零”。

根據合約內容,負責人必須維持這個網站至所有投資合約屆滿為止。

許來賢建議嚴管投資網站

許來賢說,他將在下次國會會議上,建議政府嚴厲管制投資網站,保障投資人的利益。

他說,負責人一聲不響關閉投資網站,造成投資者血本無歸,這些錢還是投資者的“棺材本”,令人同情。

“據悉這個投資公司的戶頭設在香港,總公司則設在巴拿馬。”

許來賢說,由于部分投資者已針對此事報案,希望警方採取行動,調查該公司是否合法註冊。

“我也希望公司負責人站出來向投資者作出交代,商討解決方案。”

Click ” http://agarwood-scam.blogspot.com
Click ” http://www.johorbahruinfo.com/hedge-fund/agarwood.pdf ” …. for further reading

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13 Viets held for stealing agarwood

11 July 2014,Butterworth, Malaysia : Thirteen Vietnamese have been arrested for illegally possessing 5kg of agarwood.

The Penang Forestry Department caught them during a raid on a house in Simpang Ampat in south Seberang Prai in an hour-long operation which ended at 1am yesterday.

Department director Rosli Jamaluddin said the raiding party found 5kg of agarwood and equipment believed to have been used to chop the wood in the house.

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Remand order: The 13 Vietnamese being taken to the magistrate’s court in Nibong Tebal.

He said the suspects, aged between 20 and 45, comprised six women and seven men.

He said the raid was conducted following a tip-off.

The suspects were later brought to the magistrate’s court here where a remand order was obtained to detain them for four days.

The case is being investigated under Section 68 of the National Forestry Act 1984 (amended 1993), which carries a maximum RM50,000 fine, a jail term of up to five years or both.

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Inoculated wood

The longer you leave the injected / inoculated wood, the better the quality. Ideally 2 years waiting time is commercially accepted, however one may let it be longer time for better resin formation of the man made inoculated wood.

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7 years injected

Someone forwarded a question what if the inoculated tree is left for 20 years? I have not seen the real sample yet, i don’t comment.

Someone told if the tree is strong enough, the healing process will eventually recover the injured part and overtime the resin formation will disappear through recovery process. This makes the agarwood (resinous heartwood) disappear if not harvested in a proper time.

The other saying which contradicts the above-mentioned statement…. Agarwood trees are stupid species, when they become injured or infected with mould, a dark resinous heartwood is form. Prior to infection, the heartwood is relatively light and pale coloured; however, as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin in response to the attack, which results in a very dense, dark, resin embedded heartwood. As a result, the resinous heartwood formation blocks the nutrient passage in Xylem and Phloem. So, Agarwood trees are silly plant, blocking its own nutrient passages in the wound, commiting suicide. In this case, Agarwood will remain in the trees, eventhough the trees die naturally.

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Posted in Cultivated Agarwood | 4 Comments

Sustainable way in Cambodia

Watch this video … how to harvest the agarwood in sustainable way without chopping down the tree. This video was linked from Youtube and uploaded by Ensar. Credit to Ensar for his hardwork for sharing his video.

 

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